TIME ENOUGH FOR LOVE. The Lives of the Senior Member of the Howard Families (Woodrow Wilson Smith; Ernest Gibbons; Captain. Aaron Sheffield; Lazarus. TIME ENOUGH FOR LOVE A Berkley Book / published by arrangement with G. P. Putnam's Sons PRINTING HISTORY G. P. Putnam's Sons edition published. A great entertainment. -- "New York Times". Time Enough for Love is a full, rich, in some ways towering novel. -- "Kansas City Star". A big novel, an entertaining.
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Editorial Reviews. From Library Journal. Sure, there's time enough for love but who has time enough to get through /2 hours of a novel as dull as this?. Time Enough for Love is a science fiction novel by American writer Robert A. Heinlein, first .. Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. NOTES ON TIME ENOUGH FOR LOVE by Martin Beddeleem, words, first published October Pioneers care little about sending records to the home.
The speculative license of science-fiction meant that these ideas would explicitly be read as the introduction to the many lives of Lazarus Long, indefatigable old goat, conqueror of death and of many other planets.
Understood differently, Heinlein was tentatively sketching the stages that would trigger the adoption and pursuit of widespread research and development in the field of longevity, eventually achieving the not-so-impossible goal of a massively increased lifespan. Unsurprisingly for the author of The Moon is a Harsh Mistress, human entrepreneurship and agency find themselves in the driving seat.
And the subsequent unfolding of space colonization brings to light the cardinal entanglement of longer life, fewer people, and space conquest.
This slight mathematical fancy reiterates the Malthusian dogma that given enough space and raw materials, population would increase exponentially. Not that this scenario is unescapable; despite previsions, we are already in over-capacity and far from a slowdown in population growth. The accuracy or germaneness of his calculations does not pertain here, its alarming result serves mostly at waking up the sleepy reader.
Heinlein, like Aldous Huxley before him5, perceives overpopulation as the main threat to our freedom — a freedom that is perpetually reconquered by escaping, colonizing, shaping a world of our own, far from the concentrated and incapacitated mass.
Their nonconformist and self-reliant psychology is instrumental to overcome the status quo and degeneration that plague every organized political entity. Private benefits and individual risks go hand in hand. Our free republican regimes based on the chance for everyone to participate in his own quality would be undermined. Governing by necessity is the opposite of legislating by choice; as Tocqueville, Weber and others have warned, administration and bureaucracy are the enemies of public virtue.
Thus, settlers were always bound to be political innovators7, having to draw their own boundaries, and to create their own rules according to their local conditions.
Machiavelli in the Discorsi has fine lines on the relation between a great creator, his land, and his foundation of the appropriate type of constitution8. The moment of foundation is all the more decisive: Nowadays, readymade constitutions based on inalienable rights and representative democracy should be abandoned. As much as libertarians ought to be admired for their stubborn defense of initiative, imagination, and our freedom of movement, they tend to always resort to the device of rights and strict private property to construe their utopia.
As Arendt perceptively showed, rights are not worth much without their enforcement by a political authority, the same authority that is bent on breaking them in dire circumstances9.
So it is never a question of rights that motivates pioneers, rather the question of whether a community of people is able to break off from a given constitutional canvas and create its own. In our view, overpopulation makes the need to experiment with alternate forms of regime all the more pressing: Practice makes virtue, not solemn declarations.
The short-lived humans back on Terra, still convinced that the long-lived families possessed a "secret," set about trying to find it by wide and systematic research, and, as always, research paid off serendipitously, not with the nonexistent "secret" but with something almost as good: The Great Diaspora was then both necessary and possible. Heinlein begins his thought experiment on longevity with the premise that a small group of likewise motivated individuals would, with the right incentives, achieve visible results by playing around with selective breeding.
There is none of course, except that the Howard family made longevity their first and foremost cultural value and dared to follow a plan that would restrict their immediate comfort.
More importantly, their example and success trigger a chain reaction compelled by our drive for imitating what happens to work: But the psychological prompt will be the most decisive: In this case, the virtue of competition will serve the best adaptive solution to our problems because: The example of Galileo should suffice here.
The stability of beliefs and the predominance of paradigms lead to the unresolved conundrum of the Haldane bias12 against the critical acceptance of discovery. Persecution, actual or imagined, constitutes a major impediment to the free diffusion of research and its pursuit 10 Cf. This is worthless nonsense; II. This is interesting, but perverse; III. This is true, but quite unimportant; IV. I have always said so. Medical research involving human stem cells or embryos have been senselessly delayed for years now, when this kind of research will allow us to live much longer and healthier lives.
But Heinlein points rightfully at the pervasive social inequality regarding the use of technology, and the inherent danger that the selection operated by longevity procedures becomes counterproductive: The Senior saw at once that this benison of extended youth, although promised to everyone, would in fact be limited to the powerful and their nepots. The billions of helots could not be allowed to live beyond their normal span; there was no room for them-unless they migrated to the stars, in which case there would be room for each human to live as long as he could manage.
At the same time, longevity procedures and therapies will be the most prized assets of all, capable of elongating lifespans well beyond what we know today. In this pessimistic scenario, predation wins out over cooperation in most pressure situations, eliciting a world either more anarchic or more organized than today.
Useless to say that the access to longevity will be differentiated, and as a result will have dramatic consequences on the demographic dynamics of different social groups. In a more optimistic vein, we can hope for a cultural change now, so that longevity does not become tied exclusively with material wealth. Ideological change is slow and often implicit: New theories come to influence the thoughts of their followers some twenty or thirty years later.
The gradual encroachment of ideas and morals appears to be much more dangerous than the vested interests of some private faction of society.
Hence, if a fight is to be had, it starts at the level of ideas and against the entrenched belief of the naturality and necessity of death15 LINK to NofL.
Of course, practical results will pave the way for a change of perception, but we ought to be prepared to articulate a coherent vision for the future, accounting for longevity, overpopulation and the reduction of existential risks.
So none of us carries his genes; his immortality lies only in a name, and in an idea-that death could be thwarted. The Howard Family succeeded in pioneering a widespread shift about longevity by adopting a different set of values than that of the majority.
This desire was not born out of necessity, nor genius, and even less socioeconomic factors, but is presented as a pure act of will, committing resources to a goal nowhere in sight. Of course, the value of this choice is interpreted retrospectively, as Justin Foote the 45th, Chief Archivist of the Howard Foundation, looks back at the beginning of the longevity quest of his family.
At its onset, the firm conviction of one man initiates this dramatic series of events: Most of longevity research today is the feat of a small group of entrepreneurs16, dedicating their time and resources, to say nothing of their life, towards the advancement of a field left underfinanced and underestimated among its peers.
Not only longevity research allow us to tackle broader health issues, it confronts an important ethical and medical issue, especially in the wake of both assisted suicide euthanasia and the deficit of geriatric and palliative care felt in many countries. Science often advances through unexpected results and I expect these endeavors to produce massive unintended consequences in the fields of bioethics, health policies, or laws and regulation. The latest initiative led by Craig Venter and Peter Diamandis17 reflects this entrepreneurial culture in fields of research that will benefit us all but mostly them in the initial stage.
As the quote at the top of this section implies, desire and mimesis do play their part in the beehive; the latest crop of ventures in longevity and space exploration demonstrates that it is easier to make the jump when you see someone already on the other side.
Decisively, it is often this second wave of input that yields the best results, by not repeating the mistakes of the pioneers, and being better prepared to garner both financing and talents. A group of strongly-tied entrepreneurs will be able here to make a fundamental difference by offering to the public the example of something that will answer long-standing uncertainties.
The virtue of illustration is too often forgotten by those bemoaning the impossible task in front of us, the chronic lack of funding, or the elusiveness of the goal. As Aubrey de Grey shows in the opening chapters of the End of Aging18, the pro-aging trance constitutes the highest hurdle towards a wider embrace of longevity techniques and 16 In no particular order: SENS sens. Nick Bostrom, in his thought-provoking Fable of the Dragon-Tyrant19, deploys an even heavier arsenal of cultural refutations to our passive acceptance of death by aging.
Part 18, pages, contains first edited, retyped draft of novel with numerous hand edits, manuscript pages , end. Part 19, pages, contains master copy of novel, no edits, manuscript pages Part 20, pages, contains master copy of novel, no edits, manuscript pages Part 21, pages, contains master copy of novel, no edits, manuscript pages Part 22, pages, contains master copy of novel, no edits, manuscript pages , end.
Part 23, pages, contains proof copy of novel, no edits. Lazarus Long: Being the Memoirs of a Survivor. Be the first to review this product!
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